Architectural Design

In ancient Greek city-states was first built under the special plan, and had a square, which, in turn, were the centers of the public and, of course, economic – commercial life. And here is the cultural center of the city was Temple, which was built on top of the acropolis. In the times of ancient Romans, special achievements in the field of architecture was not observed. Basically, all the buildings serve the interests of slave-owning society, and their monumental explains the invention of new building material – concrete. In feudal times, during the emergence of social division of labor, construction work has been going on not slaves, and skilled artisans. During this period, Western Europe is gaining popularity building two and three storey houses, with small shops and workshops located on the first floor. During this period, emerging architecture of romantic style, there are vast monastery complexes with courtyards and arcades. In the second half of xii century begins to develop architecture of Gothic style, characterized by spiky, vertical canopies.

In this same period in the East Building is built of brick, residential buildings were built of clay, and the facades were decorated with carved mosaics. In addition, cultural and shopping centers were allocated a strict symmetry and monumentality. At the beginning of the xv century in Italy, born of the Renaissance, which opens a new stage of development of architecture. Promote the construction of public buildings, as well as palaces. In place of builders, artisans come to professional architects, practiced a new approach to forms pronounced in the palazzo.

Experts-architects returned to the achievements of the ancient world, taking as a basis for their classical orders and the system development of cities. Baroque architecture marked the XVII-XIX century, brings new trends in architecture, including the transition to a softer, flowing shapes, as well as an irrational understanding of the environment. Architecture of the xx century belongs already to the era of modernism, when the fashion is asymmetrical arrangement of windows and doors, patterned ceramic tiles and stained glass. Contemporary style of the xxi century is considered high-tech, which expressed in severe forms of minimalism and the predominance of materials such as metal combined with glass.