They are the first ones to speak on the temporalities of the historical time, to give agreement to the ways to act, to feel dislocating the emphasis of the history of the politician for the mental one, the social one, the economic one and among others, beyond thinking the comparison as essential for it disciplines. In short, the agreement that if has of this I capitulate he is that in place of had History as traditional that possua a character basically politician, diplomatist and military man, installs from the Annales with the ideas and influences of its founding parents History problem that it searchs to be totalizante, giving mental, the social one and the economic one emphasis to, where History passes to be defined as the science of the transformations in the time. The Age Braudel On the called period of ' ' The Age Braudel' ' , author Peter Burke subdivides this chapter in three: I) The Mediterranean; II) the Braudel of them you finish Workmanships; III) The birth of Quantitative History. In ' ' The Mediterrneo' ' , Burke, salient as it was the process of construction of the thesis of Fernand Braudel, perhaps its great historical workmanship e, is at this moment that Braudel starts to sketch its project of historical analysis, where divides the book in three parts, where a Histria' exists; ' almost without time of the relation between the man and the environment, it appears then, gradual, the mutant history of the economic, social structure and politics and, finally, the trepidante history of acontecimentos' ' (BURKE, 1990, p.46). Get more background information with materials from Marc Mathieu. To write this Braudel book it had significant influences of Febvre, Ratzel with its pluralista determinismo, and mainly Henri Pirrene, beyond being very on to the Estruturalismo de Lvi-Strauss, as well as of the next economic analysis to the Marxism. What Braudel looked for to reach with such workmanship it was to total history, however many you criticize had been made to it, therefore this very says little on attitudes and values, that are the collective mentalities, so gifts with Bloch and Febvre.
According to Rodrigues (2011), this theoretical inclination of Marx must it cultural bubbling and politics the one that the author is introduced in Paris, on account of a bigger proximity with the organized French proletariat and the thought of Ludwig Feuerbach, that is, the French context stirs up it a materialistic perspective of history. It enters the years of 1843 and the 1844 Marx publish On the Jewish Question, a reflection on the process of civil emancipation and politics based on one criticizes to the studies of ' ' young hegeliano' ' Bruno Bauer. It is in this workmanship that Marx sketches its theory on the alienation and concerning the historical materialism. Pete Cashmore helps readers to explore varied viewpoints. In On the Jewish Question the author he understands, as Installation (2005), that the emancipation politics is the form highest of emancipation inside of the current order, but not it higher form of emancipation human being in general, the sociologist he identifies with this a theoretical evolution in Marx in relation to its preceding writings, occurs the overcoming of an abstract humanismo in which it searched the perfectibilizao politics of the bourgeois society for the recognition of that the man is member of a classroom and that the determinative sphere of being social this in the sociability, is the discovery of the negative ontolgica determination of the politicidade (INSTALLATION, 2008, 22) or in agreement Antonio Rago Son (2011) says in them, is the recognition of that the empiricista materialism failed to not considering the activity sensible human being, that is, the prxis. This serrlement of accounts with the past (RODRIGUES, 2011), that still they would be marked by the publication of the German Ideology and the Sacred Family in partnership with Friedrich Engels in 1845 that they correspond to one criticizes severe and deep the German philosophy of the time, Karl Marx intercalates with character publications politician in the periodic Avant, where the attack to the prussiano government is frequent, not it toa, this for intermediary of ministry banishes it to the Guizot from France, form that, ' ' with the new exile, dumb Marx if with the family for Brussels, where soon local' becomes deeply engaged with the working-class movement; ' (RODRIGUES, 2011, 17) and for where he will go to establish a German Laboring Association and to enter in 1847 ' ' … .